Accessibility and Openness of the Web. Who is the internet for?

Accessibility

Accessibility on the web means creating interfaces that don’t exclude those with disabilities. An example of disabilities that make browsing the web harder include blindness and deafness.

An illustration of a young man leaning in close and looking surprised at his computer screen, isolated on white.

Why accessibility?

  • Legal Aspects: 20% of people have a disability, this is one out of five people in America. In America, accessibility is FEDERAL LAW.
  • Moral Aspects: Universal access and interoperability are what the web strives for. Corporate Social Responsibility is where many companies integrate certain aspects to their interfaces that may be concerns for their business operation or how interactive their design is.
  • Business Aspects: Creating accessibility can avoid potential lawsuits as accessibility is federal law. It also makes goods and services more accessible to a broader number of consumers.

How do you make it accessible?

Openness

Openness in terms of the internet means creating online resources and sources that allow others to observe, critique, and collaborate using these sources without penalty. This allows more information to be shared!

Why Openness?

  • Creating a more open online resource will force you to think more introspective and articulate why your actions are justified.
  • Sharing with a broader community allows more users to validate or invalidate your decisions. This can help solve everyone’s problems and not just a few.

How do you make it open?

  • An example of creating more open resources is through open-source programming. Open-source programming is a software program whose source code can be distributed and made available for use, modification, and distribution however other editors see fit.

Who Is The Internet For?

While we want to say that the internet is for everyone, there are two major factors that must be met in order for the internet to be open. The first factor is openness while the second factor is accessibility. In todays post, we’ll go over what it means to be open and accessible on the internet. We’ll also focus on why it’s important to meet these two factors while also looking at how well the internet has adapted to these two factors over time.

Openness

Why?

Openness allows:

  • Easy access and communication with others
  • Can create something new with others
  • Allows others to take a peek at your creative process

How?

How to be open:

  • Making your work and information public
  • Communicate and share ideas with others

Accessibility

Why?

Easy accessibility allows:

  • A website that can be easily used and understood by all
  • Avoidance of major lawsuits
  • Aiding those who have a disability

How?

How to achieve accessibility:

  • Closed captions
  • Text to Speech reader
  • Online translator

If you want more information about how to achieve accessibility on the web, visit this guide on the ADA website

picture shows a pleasant grass hill with a small mountain off in the distance. Above the grass hill is a  blue, semi cloudy sky. In the foreground of the image is the Windows xp logo. This logo  consists of an orange square in the top left corner, green in top right corner, blue in the bottom left, and yellow in the bottom right. Image is used to represent the beginnings of the internet and web.

Accessibility and Openness

Sunset picture of a colorful lit up Ferris wheel on a boardwalk on the beach

Web Accessibility:

Why?

Web accessibility is to make sure the web is user friendly to everyone including people with disabilities.

How?

  • Closed Captions
  • Audio description of texts
  • Easy to look at images

Web Openness:

Why?

Web openness is to allow people to express themselves however they want and making it free and easy to view.

How?

  • Easy to view
  • Free to look up
  • Preserve freedom of expression

You can find more information through Northwest ADA Center website on how fairs are accessible to all people.

Carnival at sunset with a tall ferries wheel and bright lights to light up the sunset sky.

Who is the internet for?

The internet is for the anyone in the world to use. This website is going to explain to you the importance of internet accessibility.

Openness

Openness can be defined as reachable by the general public and does is not limited to just one person. This can benefit many people.

Why?

The information your sites may be very helpful to someone that you are not familiar with. Also you could appreciate collaborations.

How?

You can enable openers by making your site. Another way you can excessive openness is by allowing anyone to make an account and share the content.

Accessibility

Accessibility is about making things usable and universally open to all more than just the majority. Something with low accessibility might have very few accommodations for people with impairments, while websites with high accessibility will have many accommodations for people with impairments.

Why?

The reason we need accessibility is because people with impairments deserve to experience the World Wide Web like everyone else. The more you make something accessible, the more people you can reach.

How?

You can make things more accessible by adding things like “click to speak”, descriptive alt text for pictures or even Spanish versions of your website.

Find more information about accessibility on the WAI website.

Three friends sitting around a table at a campground sharing a beer. one of the friends is in a wheel chair.

Who is the internet for?

The internet is for everyone, and should be enjoyed by all. The content posted on the internet should be open and accessible regardless of the viewers potential disability.

Openness

Internet openness is defined by: enabling people to observe, participate, and innovate, on both the core Internet infrastructure and major online services.

Why?

  • enables people to observe, participate and innovate
  • allows the sharing of knowledge
  • encourages the exchange of ideas, research and viewpoints

How?

  • allowing content to be public which means it cane be viewed by everyone
  • encouraging the creation of public content

Accessibility

Web accessibility is defined as: creating web content, design, and tools that can be used by everyone regardless of ability.

Why?

  • limit the amount of road blocks that stop those with disabilities from viewing content
  • improve access to information on the web
  • making the internet a more accessible place can have benefits to everyone not just those with disabilities

How?

  • closed captioning
  • alt text
  • image descriptions
  • increased font sizes
Wheelchair accessible path on Limber lost trail in Shenandoah National Park

Above is a photo of an accessible park path in the Shenandoah National Park. Visit the Shenandoah National Park page on accessibility for more information.

Who is the internet for?

Decorative image of a person looking at their laptop with Google open on the screen.
The internet should be for everyone, but the truth of the matter is, it isn’t.

Openness

Openness can be defined as a lack of restriction.

Why might we want to make “open” content?

One reason we should make content “open” is to allow the sharing of knowledge. By doing so, everyone can benefit by learning more, come up with their own ideas, and share that knowledge. What’s great about this is it creates a chain of invention that betters everyone in ways we don’t even know yet.

How can we do it?

Content can be made open in many ways, but the simplest way is just to publish it on the internet through other websites like WordPress. Make sure to include accessibility features so that anyone can access it, and if you really want content to be open, there are ways you can make your content available to be edited or added onto. This allows for more collaboration on a creative level.

Accessibility

Accessibility can be defined as the quality of being able to be reached.

Why might we want to make accessible content?

Content should be accessible for a couple reasons. Two reasons would be to stay out of legal trouble and to gain business through users that wouldn’t be able to access your products otherwise. However, one of the most important reasons would be because it’s morally the right thing to do. Accessibility is equality, in a way, so making content accessible is making it able to be reached by anyone, regardless of ability or disability.

An additional reason for why we should make accessible content is the “curb-cut effect,” where by fixing one problem can actually lead to the prevention or fixing of other problems.

How can we do it?

Content can be made accessible by making use of features like alternative text for images where you can describe what the image is for people with low vision. There’s also features like headings that, when used properly, can help someone find what they’re looking for on a webpage without having to read the whole thing.

There’s a YouTuber, Molly Burke, that I really enjoy watching. She posts a lot of videos about her life and what she’s passionate about like makeup and fashion, and while I have no interest in either of those things, I still watch them because there’s almost always an educational portion of each one. Molly has been blind for most of her life, and she has been an advocate for the disabled community for years, so in a lot of her videos, she will talk about how we can create a more accessible world for everyone. One of my favorite videos to share with people is “5 Ways YOU Can Make the World More Accessible!” I highly suggest watching and sharing it with friends and family and anyone else that’s willing to learn more.

Who is the internet for?

The internet is for everyone! The internet was created to be open and accessible, allowing the internet to be a resource for all people.

Openness

Why?

  • Allow everyone access to information and knowledge
  • Anyone can publish their thoughts and ideas
  • Allows for a creative process

How?

  • All information is able to be viewed by the public
  • Anyone can create a website, blog, or content for free

Accessibility

Why?

  • Moral Reasons
  • To benefit business
  • Legal Reasons
  • Allow everyone, including people with disabilities to be able to use the internet

How?

  • Using audio description and closed captioning
  • Alternative text descriptions for images
This image shows a computer with all disabilities on the screen. These include a symbol for the hearing impaired, seeing impaired, physically impaired, and mentally impaired. The green disability symbols in the computer screen show that the Internet is accessible to everyone.

Find more information on web accessibility at the ADA Website.

Who is the internet for?

In short, everyone! But if we want everyone to benefit from the internet, we have to make sure that our content is both open and accessible.

Openness

Why?

  • To make your work better
  • To make the world better
  • We all benefit when we share knowledge!

How?

  • Make your work freely available for others to modify and use
  • Share your progress and findings

Accessibility

Why?

  • It’s morally right!
  • It improves business by expanding the user base
  • Avoid lawsuits

How?

  • Increase font size
  • Add alternative text to describe images
  • Organize your webpage with headers
  • Add closed captioning to videos
Decorative image of a mountain range

Image taken from the summit of Mount Washington, which is accessible by hiking trails, auto road, and trolley. Like the internet, there are multiple ways for people of different abilities to access and enjoy it!

For more tips and tools, check out this article on accessibility by the Digital Culture Network.

Who is the internet for?

Today we are going to talk about my exploration of openness and accessibility on the web. We are going to dive into why and how the internet is open and accessible to many, if not all!

Openness

Why?

  • Makes it easy for all users of the internet to use
  • Helps to make the world better with giving out “true and honest” content

How?

  • They do this through making ones content available to access and change
  • Easy for all to look at and view

Accessibility

Why?

  • Making the internet accessible to all highly increases ones interaction on their website
  • It helps those who are disabled use the internet along with the abled body community as well

How?

  • Using closed captions
  • Audio descriptions of text
  • Clear, easy to look at images

Here is a link to Internet Society that talks about why an open Internet matters. They talk more about why this is so important to make the internet open and accessible to all!

The main text in the image is in the center saying web accessibility and their are a bunch of icons that have to do with the web surrounding the text.

Who is the Internet for?

It depends on how open and accessible the content is!

What does it mean for something to be “open” on the internet?

Openness:

  • Easy to access
  • Feedback during development
  • Available to everyone

Reasons to be open:

  • Help with development
  • To get information out
  • Collaboration

Reasons not to be open:

  • For profit
  • Secret (maybe government related) projects
  • Maybe not ready for the public (unsatisfied with work)

How to be open:

  • Make public
  • Allow feedback
  • Maybe make it free

What does it mean to be “accessible” on the internet?

Accessibility:

  • Helps allow something to be open
  • Creates easier access
  • Helps with disabilities, but is not limited to disabilities

Reasons to be accessible:

  • Inclusivity
  • Allows info to be accessed by more people
  • Morally right (for most)
  • Avoid lawsuits

Reasons not to be accessible

  • Secrecy
  • Maybe prejudice?

How to be accessible:

  • Add disability accommodations (Closed captions, colorblind filters, high contrast, etc)
Sad dinosaur in a storm with other concerned dinosaurs in the background.

Dinosaur going through it. Probably due to lack of internet accessibility in the prehistoric era.

Here you can find the ADA standards on accessibility.

Jason Walker

css.php